Let’s be CyberSmart!

Institute: 
The Education University of Hong Kong
Faculty/Department: 
Department of Health and Physical Education (HPE)
Contributors: 
Co-Contributors: 
Chan Shi Fung , Chan Chun Kit, Hong Wai Mei, Lau Sau King, Liu Tsz Ling, Pang Sum Yu, Poon Kwok Cheong, Tam Dickson Joe Dick, Wong Ka Man, Wong Joanne Hoi Ling, Yim Ho Sum
Description: 

Cyberbullying is a new type of bullying by the advance use of information technology. “Let’s be CyberSmart” as a health education program to increase students’ awareness towards Cyberbullying. By holding awareness day, creation of a good will mascot, as well as an informative mobile application “CyberFace”, so as to enhance the sense of empathy and their understanding of seriousness of cyber- victimization.

Situations where this practice can be used: 
This intervention program can be applied in school settings to co-create a "CyberSmart" environment.
Background: 

This practice could be used in "Health Education Practice" course for BHE program (including 9 EdUHK BHE students, 2 elite athletes and 32 secondary students).

Objectives: 

Upon completion of cyberbullying health education program, the participants are able to:
1. Distinguish the different roles people take part in and related behaviors of cyberbullying
2. List out
- two differences between cyberbullying and face- to- face bullying
- three methods to deal with cyberbullying as victims
3. Practice how to speak up to stop cyberbullying as bystanders
4. Identify and analyze the relationship between cyberbullying, bias- motivated behavior and online cruelty
5. Develop strategies for resisting peer pressure not to be cyberbullies and communicating positively online
6. Propagate the anti- cyberbullying message to five peers by lyrics competition
7. Enhance the understanding of cyberbullying with the increase of 5% by comparing result of pre and post questionnaire
8. To co-create a ‘CyberSmart’ environment by active participation in the Cyberbullying Awareness Day

Activities: 

Session 1
We gave an introduction on what is cyberbullying and played games to send out messages of tackling cyberbullying to students. A guest-led seminar was held and a social worker shared tips and counselling skills.

Session 2
A seminar was held with an interactive cartoon starring by our team mate. Students were invited to share their experience. Laughter yoga was also introduced as a relaxation technique for students to ease up stress and generate positive state of mind with increased optimism.

Session 3
It was a review session to test students’ knowledge and skills learnt in previous sessions. We designed games such as big chess to build up their team spirit and master the skills on problem solving when playing the task on chess.

Session 4
It was the final session for students to practice refusal skills via role play and enhance self- efficacy by sharing own strength in ball game. Q&A session was held after storytelling so that students were able to identify consequence on cyberbullying.

Cyberbullying Awareness day
A 1-day campaign was held which we invited all F.1 students to join. Game booths were designated in three main focuses which include IQ, EQ and PE zone. Students were required to apply skills and knowledge previously learnt in four sessions.

Outcomes worth noting: 

1. Attitude
Scores were significantly higher for the post test (M = 62.7813, SD = 9.18882) than for the pre test (M = 58.9063, SD = 6.08202), t (31) = -3.101, p = 0.004 (<0.05). Due to the means of pre and post test of the t- value, we can conclude that there was a statistically significant improvement in students’ attitude towards cyberbullying after the health education program from 58.9063±6.08202 to 62.7813±9.18882; an improvement of 3.875±3.1068.

2. Knowledge
Scores were higher for the post test (M = 8.6071, SD = 2.24993) than the pre test (M = 8.2143, SD = 2.02498), t (27) = -0.892, p = 0.380 (> 0.05). Due to the means of pre and post test of the t- value, we can conclude that there was a statistically insignificant improvement in students’ knowledge towards cyberbullying after the health education program from 8.2143±2.02498 to 8.6071±2.24993; an improvement of 0.3928±0.22495.

Participants' response: 

Students stated that they felt enjoyable in class. Moreover, they could learn the relaxation skill and the “STOP” skill while being cyberbullied. Their parents were also very supportive towards the program.

How this practice supports learning: 

This clearly reinforces the significance of cyber-bullying prevention education for junior secondary students, which we would like to focus on the health education program. The program strives forward achieving the purpose of raising awareness of cyberbullying in two main focuses of knowledge and attitude, as wells as promoting responsible use of information technology among junior secondary students.
Second, it helps students build up self- esteem and self- confidence by successful handling tasks and increase their understanding of seriousness of cyber-victimization.

Further suggestions: 

It is suggested to organize mini exhibition with information an anti-cyberbullying, guest-led and student-led seminars, so as to improve students’ knowledge on the topic.

Comments

With the development of the times, people, especially teenagers, use electronic products extremely frequently. Some important daily tasks are done on the Internet, such as searching for information, completing homework and so on. Teenagers even regard the Internet as a part of life.There are two sides to everything. Due to the excessive freedom of the Internet and the immature mind of teenagers, they are easily influenced by other people's speech and even bullied by the Internet, resulting in serious psychological impact.This kind of Internet bullying is even harder to rectify its responsibilities, and it should be paid more attention to reduce Internet bullying.

This intervention gave awareness and knowledge through a creative and fun way. Since Cyberbullying is a big issue in todays society, the importance to raise awareness is very high! The results in the post-test showed that the participants had gotten more knowledge about Cyberbullying and how to prevent and deal with it than before the intervention.

One suggestion for further health programmes in Cyberbullying is to start with this kind of programs already in early age and also involve parents, since parents are a big role model to how their children will behave towards others. But even with this intervention, it could have included parents too, to give an even deeper understanding for the participants about Cyberbullying. If both students and parents would participate in the same health programme, they can reflect and discuss the content of what they learned together and also reflect on the consequences together to get a deeper understanding and different perspectives.

It is good information for student to learn what is cyber bullying.The big chess to build up their team spirit and master the skills on problem solving.Moreover, the cyber bullying awareness day can conclude the concept for the students.
On the other hand,the characters role play can let the student feeling about the cyber bullying ‘S situation.

I personally don’t understand these cyberbullying intimidators. Why would a human being want to humiliate another person to the point of no return? They make others feel so bad about themselves that they take dramatic measures to try to change the way they are. Are they secretly self-conscious about themselves? Do they feel bad about the way they look, so they take it out on others? These scenarios resemble selfish motives for making someone else feel bad. No matter what the reason, these tormenters shall be punished.

Cyber bullying is a serious issue around the world, but there is not much program arousing the awareness of cyber bullying. it is a creative and meaningful program to apply among students. Students can learn to enhance their team spirit and self-efficacy through doing yoga and joining games. Most importantly, they learn to use the information technology in a responsible way. As the rapid growth of the technology, it is vital to let students to be aware of cyber bullying to avoid more victims in the future.

Cyberbullying is growing as one of the biggest issue among all over the world. This program is well design to equip students with appropriate skills and knowledgel that fits their needs. Also, I found the program is fun , I believe the participants can surly learn something with so much fun.

However, it is really difficult to cover such a big topic with only few sessions. I thinks it is useful to set up a team of student ambassadors, inculding them in your preparation of the program. They can learn those knowledge and skill by helping the preparation of the program. Also, you can let them to be the peer tutor in some part of the program. They will be able to get a deeper understanding on the issue by teaching others. Of course after setting student ambassador, school can hold similar program easily in the future.

Bullying is prevalence in nowadays, especially in the way of cyber, everyone can have a bully action as long as you have a digital product. Therefore, cyber bullying must be serious to alleviate.
This program providing multiple sessions of the activities about cyber bullying, I thought the best session which is session 4, as the drama session can let the students to know more about what is cyberbullying, and how easy to become a cyberbullying. It is the way for them to have a self-reflection.

I think the three ways in which education victims deal with cyberbullying are good. The use of yoga and interactive communication has made me feel very interesting and interesting. It is interesting that cyberbullying can be educated in this way.I think cyberbullying is very important in prevention. This plan has been done in both the main focus of knowledge and attitude.

Cyberbullying is getting more and more serious and prevention is very important. It is important for students to identify the consequences of cyberbullying in the activities and explain the information that addresses cyberbullying. Activities can effectively focus on cyberbullying problem and allow participants to learn skills and knowledge.

I think this topic is different with other health program, it is belong mental health. Nowadays, technological development is growing. Children have many time contact by internet. Apart form their homework there are many social website such as Facebook and Instagram. Children how to protect their self in this place? It should teach the student because many potential problems at the social website such as bully and unhealthy message. Health education provide many knowledge of mental. It is very important of the student because mental have a big effect of the student grow up. The children become a what human it is related of mental health.

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